Return to Curriculum

Key Stage 1

In Key Stage 1 we aim to provide enrichment, creativity and enjoyment for all pupils through a varied curriculum and range of experiences, with high expectations for all.

We follow the 2014 National Curriculum for England for the teaching of English, Mathematics, Science, Art and Design, Computing, Design and Technology, Geography, History, Music and Physical Education. Our curriculum encompasses all the statutory elements of the 2014 National Curriculum for England. We have also included many of the non-statutory elements that benefit our pupils and have further adapted the curriculum, as recommended, to match the needs and interests of our pupils.

Where appropriate we use a cross curricular approach to maximise links between subjects and teach the skills required by our pupils through interesting and informative topics.

Termly updates are sent out to parents with more details of the curriculum being covered.


Please follow the link to see the English curriculum in full on the Government website.

The overarching aim for English in the 2014 National Curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. The National Curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • read easily, fluently and with good understanding
  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
  • are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate

At Ashtree School English is taught throughout the day, not only through dedicated English lessons, but also through a wide variety of cross curricular activities.

In Key Stage1 children receive a daily 20 minute phonics session to teach the skills needed in word reading and regular individual and guided reading sessions to develop comprehension skills. The phonics scheme used in school is Letters and Sounds.

Through their English lessons children will develop skills in transcription (spelling and handwriting), composition (thinking of ideas and structuring them in speech and writing) and in using grammar and Standard English.

Every term we have an independent writing session as a whole school. Sometimes we write about strange events like the ruby slippers that appeared in our nature area!


Please follow the link to see the Mathematics curriculum in full on the Government website.

The National Curriculum for mathematics aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalisations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions

At Ashtree School mathematics in Key Stage 1 is taught as a ‘daily maths lesson’ and maths skills are also used in other subjects, such as science, where this helps children to understand the practical applications of these skills.

Through these daily lessons children will develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. They will work with numerals, words and the four operations. Often they will use practical resources for example, concrete objects and measuring tools. Children will also start to learn about shapes and measures including length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.

Please follow the links to see what The Year One and The Year Two learner in Maths will cover.


Please follow the link to see the Science curriculum in full on the Government website.

The National Curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

Science at Ashtree is, wherever possible, practical, involving exploration and experimentation.

The principal focus in Key Stage 1 is to enable pupils to look more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. They are encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. Children will observe changes over a period of time, notice patterns, group and classify things, carry out simple comparative tests, and find things out using secondary sources of information.


Science workshop

Physical Education

Please follow the link to see the PE curriculum in full on the Government website.

In Key Stage 1 the curriculum will concentrate on agility, balance and co-ordination. Children practise and develop basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching. They will learn basic team games and will take part in competition within their classes and year groups. They will learn and perform dances using simple movement patterns.

Cross Curricular subjects

Please follow the link to see the History, Geography, Art and Design and Design and Technology curriculum in full on the Government website.

The History, Geography, Art and Design and Design Technology requirements will be met throughout the school by a combination of specific and cross curricular lessons.

There will be a series of topics, different for each year group, which will give the children a more creative approach to learning, an approach which is skills based and knowledge supported, including not only what to study but also how to study. It aims to encourage links between subjects that will strengthen the children’s learning.

These topics are largely based around the History, Geography and Art and Design curriculum but will also include other subject areas, as appropriate. It is a varied and exciting way for the children to approach their learning.


Please follow the link to see the Computing curriculum in full on the Government website.

All classes have dedicated Computing lessons, in our IT Suite, once a week. In Key Stage 1 children explore other technologies such as programmable toys, digital cameras, data loggers and sound recorders.

Alongside this, Computing now links across all curriculum areas, with teachers using laptops, connected to projectors and interactive whiteboards, to deliver effective and fully interactive teaching.


Please follow the link to see the Music curriculum in full on the Government website.

At Key Stage 1, the emphasis is on enjoying music actively, by singing songs, exploring sounds, creating and recording their own simple compositions. In addition there is a weekly Music Assembly where the children learn a variety of songs.

Religious Education

The school seeks to promote the moral, social and religious development of the pupils in accordance with the aims set out in the Hertfordshire Agreed Syllabus of Religious Education 2012 – 2017. The six key areas of Religious education which form the basis of the programmes of study are:-

  • Beliefs and Teachings
  • Religious Practices and Lifestyles
  • Ways of Expressing Meaning
  • Human Identity, Personality and Experience
  • Questions of Meaning and Purpose
  • Values and Commitments

In using the programmes of study, the school ensures that Christianity and at least one other religion are taught in each Key Stage.

An Act of Collective Worship is held every day for all children in the school. This takes the form of an assembly, sometimes for the whole school together, and at other times for Key Stage 1 separately or in Year Groups.

Parents have the right to withdraw their children from Religious Education, Collective Worship, or both. Any parent wishing to do so should contact the Headteacher.

Personal, Social & Health Education

Personal, Social & Health Education is a non-statutory, cross curricular element of school life which promotes the personal and social development of the children. It helps children to understand themselves and others.
The key areas taught are:

  • Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities
  • Developing a healthy, safe lifestyle
  • Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people

These skills are encouraged and developed implicitly throughout the school day via cross-curricular links and through everyday situations. Specific lessons, School and Class Councils, assemblies, Golden Time sessions and circle times are all ways we use to teach PSHE.